Când se folosește gerunziul, nu infinitivul

October 10, 2019

Se folosește gerunziul, nu infinitivul: 

 

  • după prepoziții:

 

without

INCORECT: Do your work without to speak.

CORECT: Do your work without speaking.

 

instead of

INCORECT: He went away, instead to wait.

CORECT: He went away, instead of waiting.

 

  • după cuvinte care, de obicei, se folosesc cu o prepoziție:

 

capable of

INCORECT: They are quite capable to do that.

CORECT: They are quite capable of doing that.

 

think of

INCORECT: I often think to go to England.

CORECT: I often think of going to England.

 

tired of

INCORECT: The customer got tired to wait.

CORECT: The customer got tired of waiting.

 

insist on

INCORECT: Tom insisted to go to London.

CORECT: Tom insisted on going to London.

 

used to

INCORECT: She’s used to get up early.

CORECT: She’s used to getting up early.

 

  • după anumite verbe:

 

enjoy

INCORECT: I enjoy to play football.

CORECT: I enjoy playing football.

 

excuse

INCORECT: Please excuse me to be so late.

CORECT: Please excuse me for being so late.

CORECT: Please excuse my being so late.

 

mind

INCORECT: Would you mind to open the door?

CORECT: Would you mind opening the door?

 

avoid

INCORECT: You can’t avoid to make mistakes.

CORECT: You can’t avoid making mistakes.

 

finish

INCORECT: Have you finished to speak?

CORECT: Have you finished speaking?

 

remember

INCORECT: I don’t remember to have seen him.

CORECT: I don’t remember seeing him.

CORECT: I don’t remember having seen him.

 

stop

INCORECT: The wind has stopped to blow.

CORECT: The wind has stopped blowing.

 

  • după anumite adjective:

 

busy

INCORECT: He was busy to revise the exams.

CORECT: He was busy revising for the exams.

 

worth

INCORECT: Is today’s film worth to see?

CORECT: Is today’s film worth seeing?

 

  • după anumite expresii:

 

look forward to

INCORECT: I look forward to see him soon.

CORECT: I look forward to seeing him soon.

 

there is no harm in

INCORECT: There is no harm to visit her now.

CORECT: There is no harm in visiting her now.

 

it’s no good

INCORECT: It’s no good to get angry.ro

CORECT: It’s no good getting angry.

 

have the pleasure of

INCORECT: I had the pleasure to meet him.

CORECT: I had the pleasure of meeting him.

 

take pleasure in

INCORECT: He takes great pleasure to help others.

CORECT: He takes great pleasure in helping others.

 

it’s no use

INCORECT: It’s no use to cry like a baby.

CORECT: It’s no use crying like a baby.

 

have difficulty in

INCORECT: She has no difficulty to do it.

CORECT: She has no difficulty in doing it.

 

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